Bangladesh, officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is a small country in South Asia with a population of 15.85 crore (World Population Report 2014) forming the top 8th populated country in the world. Bangladesh has a land area of 147,570sq km ranging from 20⁰24′ to 26⁰38′ N latitude and 88⁰01′ to 92⁰41′ E longitude. It is bordered by India to the west, north and east, and by Myanmar to a narrow southeast corridor and open to the south into the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is divided into seven divisions and 64 districts.
Bangladesh is a riverine country crisscrossed by 310 rivers, streams, and canals (BWDB). The Ganges, The Brahmaputra, and the Meghna are the three mighty rivers in Bangladesh. The Ganges-Brahmaputra mighty river system carries about 1.67 billion tons of sediment annually to the Bay of Bengal forming the worlds largest Bengal deep sea fan. Bangladesh is mainly low lying delta but has hilly areas in north and southeast.
Bangladesh is characterized by six seasons with tropical climate. Natural disasters like cyclone, flood, earthquakes frequently occur in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is now widely recognized to be one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. Natural hazards that come from increased rainfall, rising sea levels, and tropical cyclones are expected to increase as climate changes, each seriously affecting agriculture, water and food security, human health and shelter.
Bangladesh is mainly a land of agriculture. Rice, potato, wheat are the main cultivation in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the fourth largest producer of fresh water fish in the world.
Bangladesh is characterized by some unique geological and hydrogeological features in the world like world’s largest Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, the Bengal deep sea fan, arsenic contamination etc. The GeoBangla blog aims to represent the geology and hydrogeology of Bangladesh.